author = {Martin Lenz},
  title = {{M}odellierung und {S}imulation des effektiven {V}erhaltens von {G}renzfl{\"{a}}chen
	in {M}etalllegierungen},
  school = {University Bonn},
  year = {2007},
  type = {Dissertation},
  abstract = {This thesis is concerned with the modeling and the numerical simulation
	of phase transitions during the Ostwald ripening of metal alloys
	and in magnetic shape memory materials. The phase transition is modeled
	on a continuum level with methods of elasticity theory. The coarsening
	of particles in a metal alloy after spinodal decomposition can be
	seen as a gradient flow: The set of particles moves on the manifold
	of all possible particle configurations in the direction of steepest
	descent of an energy functional containing interface energy and elasticity,
	with respect to a metric tensor describing the diffusion mechanism.
	The restriction of this evolution onto the submanifold of rectangular
	particles aligned to the coordinate axes, as they are preferred by
	the anisotropy of the elasticity tensor, gives a reduced model that
	describes the evolution of such particles. The numerical simulation
	of both models employs the boundary element method. The integral
	operators occurring are approximated by hierarchical matrices, this
	approximation also gives an appropriate preconditioner. To avoid
	the coupling of the time step size to the side length of the smallest
	particle, one uses localized timesteps close to small particles,
	where the screening effect makes it possible to restrict to small
	neighbourhoods of the respective particle. In this way one constructs
	an efficient method to simulate both models; in the reduced model
	accordingly the simulation of larger particle ensembles is possible.
	Comparative computations verify that the reduced model reproduces
	many important qualitative and quantitative properties of the full
	model. Magnetic shape memory materials can be modeled on a continuum
	scale using a combination of elasticity and micromagnetism. Here,
	a discrete phase parameter couples the variants of the elastic strain
	to the magnetic anisotropy. The anisotropy prefers a magnetization
	in the direction of contraction. This model can be applied to the
	description of several types of microstructured material: composites
	with a non-magnetic background matrix and polycrystalline structures.
	To compute the effective behaviour of the micro structure, one considers
	cell problems in the spirit of homogenization theory. The numerical
	solution of these cell problems uses again the boundary element method,
	here embedded in a descent algorithm for energy minimization. Thereby
	the influence of parameters of the microscopic structure of the material,
	such as form, distribution and shape of particles or the elasticity
	of the background matrix, on the macroscopic behaviour, especially
	the observed strain and the work output, can be quantified.},
  pdf = { 1},
  url = {}